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"Clearing the Smoke: Assessing the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction" ed. by Kathleen Stratton, et al. (Repost)

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"Clearing the Smoke: Assessing the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction" ed. by Kathleen Stratton, et al. (Repost)

"Clearing the Smoke: Assessing the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction" ed. by KKathleen Stratton, Padma Shetty, Robert Wallace, and Stuart Bondurant
Institute of Medicine; Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention; Committee to Assess the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction
NAS Press | 2001 | ISBN: 0309072824 9780309072823 | 657 pages | PDF | 17 MB

This volume addresses the problems in evaluating whether such products actually do reduce the health risks of tobacco use. This book looks at the types of products that could reduce harm and reviews the available evidence for their impact on various forms of cancer and other major ailments. It also recommends approaches to governing these products and tracking their public health effects.

Despite overwhelming evidence of tobacco's harmful effects and pressure from anti-smoking advocates, current surveys show that about one-quarter of all adults in the United States are smokers. This audience is the target for a wave of tobacco products and pharmaceuticals that claim to preserve tobacco pleasure while reducing its toxic effects.


Within the context of regulating such products, the book explores key questions:
- Does the use of such products decrease exposure to harmful substances in tobacco?
- Is decreased exposure associated with decreased harm to health?
- Are there surrogate indicators of harm that could be measured quickly enough for regulation of these products?
- What are the public health implications?

With an attitude of healthy skepticism, this book will be important to health policy makers, public health officials, medical practitioners, manufacturers and marketers of "reduced-harm" tobacco products, and anyone trying to sort through product claims.


Contents
Executive Summary
1 Introduction
2 Principles of Harm Reduction
3 Historical Perspective and Lessons Learned
4 Products for Tobacco Exposure Reduction
5 The Scientific Basis for Pres Assessment
6 Surveillance for the Health and Behavioral Consequences of Exposure Reduction
7 Implementation of a Science-Based Policy of Harm Reduction
8 Principal Conclusions
9 Nicotine Pharmacology
10 Tobacco Smoke and Toxicology
11 Exposure and Biomarker Assessment in Humans
12 Cancer
13 Cardiovascular Disease
14 Nonneoplastic Respiratory Diseases
15 Reproductive and Developmental Effects
16 Other Health Effects
Appendix
Index

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