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Electronic States in Crystals of Finite Size: Quantum confinement of Bloch waves

Posted By: Sangviniy
Electronic States in Crystals of Finite Size: Quantum confinement of Bloch waves

Electronic States in Crystals of Finite Size: Quantum confinement of Bloch waves (Springer Tracts in Modern Physics) by SHANGYUAN REN
English | Oct. 20, 2005 | ISBN: 0387263039 | 206 Pages | PDF | 1.61 MB

The theory of electronic states in crystals is the very basis of modern solid state physics. In traditional solid state physics – based on the Bloch theorem – the theory of electronic states in crystals is essentially a theory of electronic states in crystals of in?nite size. However, that any real crystal always has a ?nite size is a physical reality one has to face. The di?erence between the electronic structure of a real crystal of ?nite size and the electronic structure obtained based on the Bloch theorem becomes more signi?cant as the crystal size decreases. A clear understanding of the properties of electronic states in real crystals of ?nite size has both theoretical and practical signi?cance. Many years ago when the author was a student learning solid state physics at Peking University, he was bothered by a feeling that the general use of the periodic boundary conditions seemed unconvincing. At least the e?ects of such a signi?cant simpli?cation should be clearly understood. Afterward, he learned that many of his school mates had the same feeling. Among many solid state physics books, the author found that only in the classic book Dynamic Theory of Crystal Lattices by Born and Huang was there a more detailed discussion on the e?ects of such a simpli?cation in an Appendix.